The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) mandate is International Protection and the search for durable solutions for refugees and stateless persons.
In Mexico, UNHCR works to provide technical advice on asylum and determination of refugee status, as well as their respective procedures. It also works with relevant Mexican authorities to identify people with international protection needs, particularly in the identification and protection of special groups such as unaccompanied or separated refugee children and adolescents, victims of human trafficking, as well as stateless persons. In conjunction with Mexican civil society organizations, UNHCR also supports the strengthening of mechanisms and initiatives that promote and facilitate the integration of refugees and stateless persons in Mexico.
The UNHCR office in Mexico is composed of a country office in Mexico City, two field offices in Monterrey, Nuevo LeonTapachula, Chiapas and Tenosique, Tabasco and two field units in Tijuana, Baja California, Acayucan, Veracruz and Saltillo, Coahuila, Aguas Calientes.
The United Mexican States are part of the 1951 Convention on the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol since June 2000.
The Law on Refugees, Complementary Protection and Political Asylum regulates the procedure for determining refugee status in Mexico. In this sense, the Mexican Commission for Aid to Refugees (COMAR) is the only body with jurisdiction in the matter and for the purposes of the procedure the rule establishes that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs must issue an opinion on the prevailing conditions in the country of origin of the asylum seeker within 15 working days.